Fertility Turkey – IVF in Turkey


Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrial tissue that covers the inside of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. Endometriosis most commonly occurs in the ovaries (endometriomas), fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis. About 10% of all women of reproductive age and about 40% of women experiencing infertility have endometriosis.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

Pain during menstrual period
Pain during sexual intercourse
Abdominal bloating
Constipation, diarrhea
Menstrual irregularities

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

Women with symptoms of endometriosis should consult a doctor. After examining the patient’s symptoms and medical history, the doctor may perform tests such as pelvic examination, ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Laparoscopy to diagnose endometriosis.

Endometriosis treatment

Endometriosis can be treated with hormone therapy or surgery. The treatment to be applied is planned individually according to the patient’s pregnancy plan and the severity of endometriosis. Hormone therapy is effective in reducing or eliminating the symptoms of endometriosis. However, hormone therapy is not applied to women who are planning a pregnancy. Laparoscopic endometriosis surgery is performed for women who plan to become pregnant. In laparoscopic surgery, a small incision is made on the belly button. Through this incision, the area of the endometriosis is reached with the help of a thin tube-shaped instrument called a laparoscope with a camera at the end, and the endometriosis tissue is cut and removed. Pregnancy can be planned for 6 months after the surgery. If the woman is under 35 years old and there are no other infertility factors, natural conception can be expected. The rate of natural conception within the first year after laparoscopic surgery in infertile women with endometriosis and no other infertility factors is 41.9%.However, if the woman is over 35 years old, IVF is recommended 6 months after surgery.

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